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Orang Asli Resources





Publications -- Talks -- Temiar Dictionary -- Temiar Books and Music


In England UK, Temiar Web provides talks to schools about the Temiar and the Orang Asli. If you are a teacher based at a UK primary or secondary school and would like someone from Temiar Web to talk to your students about the Temiar and the Orang Asli then please let us know. There is no charge for this service but we would appreciate a donation which will go to help the Orang Asli. Please contact us if you would like to take advantage of this free service.


Much has been written about the Temiar and other Orang Asli groups. This is by no means a complete collection. Click on the following alphabetical list of selected authors. If there is a book or publication that you think belongs here please send the full details to Temiar Web with your comments. For a comprehensive and annotated bibliography of Orang Asli publications see 'Orang Asli of Peninsula Malaysia' Edited by Lye Tuck-Po. CSEAS Research Report Series No.88. ISBN 4-901668-00-5.

Publication list:



ABDULLAH bin Ramle. - 1993 Semaq Beri: Komuniti Orang Asli di Trengganu Trengganu.

ARAB - 1997 Orang Laut Rengit: Daripada Kuli Menjadi Tauke" Dewan Masayarakat, Mac 1997 Pp. 12-17.


A. Baer. Health, Disease and Survival: A biomedical and genetic analysis of the Orang Asli of Malaysia. COAC, Subang Jaya, 1999.

Baharon, A.R. - 1973 Parit Gong: an Orang Asli community in transition. PhD dissertation, University of Canbridge.

BEAVITT, Paul, Edmund KURUI & Gill Thompson - 199? "Confirmation of an early date for the presence of rice in Borneo: Preliminary evidence for possible Bidayuh/Aslian Links" Borneo Research Bulletin 27:29-38.

Bell, D., Caplan, P. and Karim, WJ. - 1993 Gendered Fields: Women, Men and Ethnography, London: Routledge

Benjamin, G. - 1993 Danger and Dialectic in Temiar Childhood. Department of Sociology, National University of Singapore.

Benjamin, G. - 1990 Notes on the Deep Sociology of Religion. Originally published in 1987 as Department of Sociology working paper no. 85, National University of Singapore.

Benjamin, G. - 1989 Achievemnts and Gaps in Orang Asli Research. In Akademika No. 35.

Benjamin, G. - 1974 Indiginous Religious Systems of the Malay Peninsula. In The Imagination of Reality. eds. A, L, Becker and A, A, Yengoyan. New Jersey: Ablex Publishing Corporation.

Benjamin, G. - 1967 Temiar Religion. PhD Thesis. Cambridge: Kings College.

Benjamin, G. - 1993 'Temiar' in Paul Hockings (ed) Encyclopedia of World Cultures, Volume V: East and Southeast Asia, Boston, MA: G.K. Hall.

Bolton, J.M. - 1972 Food Taboos among the Orang Asli in West Malaysia: A potential nutritional hazard. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 25: 789-799.


Carey, I. - 1975 Orang Asli. The Aboriginal Tribes of Peninsula Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press.

Cerruti, G.B. 1908 My Friends the Savages Amonst the Sakais in the Malay Peninsula: Notes and Observations of a Perak Settler (Malay Peninsula) WITH PHOTOS Como: Tipografia Cooperativa Comense.

Chatanakomes, V. - 1980 A Description of Moken: A Malayo-Polenysian Language. MA Thesis, Bangcok: Mahidol University.

Clammer, J. - 1987 Incorporation and Assimilation: The Aboriginal Peoples of Malaysia and the Forces of Modernisation. Journal of Social and Economic Studies 4: 121-142.

Couillard, M-A. - 1980 Tradition in Tension: Carving in a Jah Hut Community. Pulau Penang: Penerbit University Sains Malaysia.


De Danaan, L. - 1984 Performance and Transformation: Mystery and Myth in Malay Healing Arts. PhD Thesis. Michigan, USA - London, England: University Microfilms International.

Dentan, R.K. - 1965 Some Senoi Dietry Restrictions: A Study of Food Behaviour in a Malayan Hill Tribe. PhD Dissertation. Yale University Ann Arbour MI: University Microfilms.

Dentan, R, K. - 1988 On Reconsidering Violence in Simple Human Societies. In Current Anthropology Vol. 29. No. 4.

Dentan, R, K. - 1968 The Semai - A Nonviolent People of Malaya. London: Holte, Rinehart and Winston.

Dentan, R.K. - 1983 'Senoi Dream Praxis', Dream Network Bulletin, 2(5).

Dentan, R.K. - 1983 A Dream of Senoi, Special Studies Series, Council of International Studies, Buffala:State University of New York.

Diffloth, G. - 1979 Aslian Languages and South East Asian Prehistory. Federation Museums Journal (new series) 24: 3-16.

Dodge, N.N. - 1981 The Aborigine nexus under Malay rule. Bijdragen tot de taal-land n volkenkunde 137: 3-16.

DORAIRAJOO, S. - 1996 The Orang Asli of Peninsular Malaysia: Aborigine yet not Bumiputera. MA Thesis, Cornell University.

Domhoff, G.W. - 1985 The Mystique of Dreams: A Search for Utopia Through Senoi Dream Theory, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.


Endicott, K. - The Effects of Slave Raiding on the Aborigines of the Malay Peninsula, in A. Reid and J. Brewster (eds) Slavery, Bondage and Dependancy in South East Asia, Brisbane: University of Queensland Press.

Endicott, K. - 1979 Batek Negrito Religion. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Evans, I.H.N. - 1937 The Negritos of Malaya, London. Frank Cass.

Evans, I, H, N. - 1923 Studies in Religion, Folk-Lore, and Custom in British North Borneo and the Malay Peninsula. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press


Faraday, A. and Wren Lewis, J. - 1984 Temiar Dreaming, Dream Network Bullentin, 2(3) August.


B. Gajra, J. K. Chandlish, C. K. Heng, J. W. Mak, N. Saha - 1997 Genotype associations among seven apolipoprotein B polymorphisms in a population of Orang Asli of Western Malaysia Human Biology 69(5):629ff, 1997

Gianno, R. - 1985 Semelai Resin Technology. PhD Thesis. Michigan, USA - London, England: University Microfilms International.


Harper, T.N. - 1997 "The pollitics of the forest in colonial Malaya" Modern Asian Studies 31:1-29 (forests, indigenous people, colonialism - already noted by Dr. Adela Baer)

Hassan, A. - 1969. Satu kajian fonologi-mofologi bahasa Orang-orang Melayu Asli, dialek Temuan. MA dissertation, Department of Malay Studies, University of Malaya.

Haden, R.A. - 1939 Dance Music of the Temiar. Asia 39:114-15.

Hickson, A. - 1996 Punan and Violence. MA Dissertation School of Oriental and African Studies: London.

Holman, D. - 1958/1984 Noone of the Ulu, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hood, S. - 1974 An ethnographical investigation of the Semelai of Malaysia. Blitt thesis, Oxford University.

Howell, S. 1981 - Rules Not Words. In Indigenous Psychologies, P. Heelas and A. Lock (eds), 133-143. London: Academic Press.


Jennings, S. - 1985 Temiar Dance and the Maintenance of Order, in P. Spencer (eds) Society and Dance, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Jennings, S. - Theatre Ritual and Transformation, The Senoi Temiars, Routledge: London.


J. S. Kahn & F. Loh Kok Wah (eds.) - 1995 Instituting Malaysia - Frangmented Vision: Culture and Politics in Contemporary Malaysia revied by Sanjay Srivastava in Oceania 66(1):62,

R. Karim et al, Parasitic infections in the aboriginal community at Temengor, Hulu Perak, Malaysia. Mal. Nat. J. 48: 425-432, 1995.

Karim, W.J. - 1981 Ma'Betisek Concepts of Living Beings. London: Athlons Press.

Kassim, A. - 1979 Some Aspects of Termuan Beleif. Federation Museums Journal (new series) 21: 53-67.

Khoo, T.E. - Some Aspects of the Nutritional Status of Temiar in Kemar. Master of Public Health dissertation, University of Malaya.

Kurtz D.V. - 1996 Review of Violence and the dream people Choice 33(8):1356,1996, Kirk Endicott The Journal of Asian Studies 56(1):674-5, 1997


Laderman, C. - 1979 Wives and Midwives: Childbirth and Nutrition in Rural Malaysia. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press.


Means, G, P. (ed). - 1986 Sengoi - English, English - Sengoi Dictionary. University of Toronto, York University: The Joint Centre on Modern East Asia.

Means, G, P. (ed). - 1998 Temiar-English, English-Temiar Dictionary. Hamline University Press: Minnesota

MUSTAFA K. A - 1994 "The Malaysian Press and Representation of Minority Groups" SOJOURN 9(2):200-212.


Needham, R. - 1956 Ethnographic notes on the Siwang of Central Malaya. Journal of the Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. 29: 46-49.

NICHOLAS, A. - 1994 Alat Muzik Melayu dan Orang Asli. Selangor : Institut Alam dan Tamadun Melayu, UKM.

NICHOLAS, C. - 1993 "The Orang Asli of Peninsular Malaysia". In Indigenous People: Struggle for Survival, B. Chaudhuri, ed. Bangkok : Asain Cultural Forum on Development. Pp. 1-7.

Nicholas, C. - 1985. From Subsistence to simple commodity production: economic relations in two Semai settlements. MSc dissertation: University Pertanian Malaysia.

Norhayati, M., et al. Health status of Orang Asli (Aborigine) community in Post Piah, Sungai Siput, Perak, Malaysia. Southeast Asian J. Trop. Med. Public Health 29 (1): 58-61, 1998.

Noone, R.O.D - Notes on the trade in blowpipe bamboo in North Malaya. Federation Museums Journal (new Series) 1 and 2: 1-18.

Nowak, B. - 1982 The personal side of anthropological research: field experiences among the Hmak Merih. Manusia dan Masyarakat 3: 46-49.


Osman, M. T. - 1967. Indiginous Hindu and Islamic Elements in Malay Folk Beliefs. Dissertation: Indiana University.


Rahman, N., et al. Parasitic infections among aborigine children at Post Brooke, Kelantan, Malaysia. Med. J. Malaysia 52 (4): 412-415, 1997.

RATOS, A, - 1957 The "Orang Asli" of Malaya. Kuala Lumpur : Maxwell School.

Rambo,A.T. - 1988 Why Are The Semang? In Ethnic Diversity and the control of natural resources in Southeast Asia. A T Rambo, K Gollogy and K l Hutterer (eds) 19-35. Ann Arbor MI: Centre for South and Southeast Asian Studies.

Randall, A. - 1953 The Terrible Truth of the Temiar Senoi, Dream Network Bullentin, February.

Robarchek, C, A. - 1986 Helplessness, Fearfulness, and Peacefulness: The Emotional and Motivational Contexts of Semai Social Relations. Michigan: Anthroplogy Quarterly.

Robarchek, C, A. - 1977 Frustration, Aggression, and the Nonviolent Semai. In American Ethnologist Vol. 4. No. 4.

Roseman, M. - 1991 Healing Sounds from the Malaysian Rainforest. Berkely, London: University of California Press.

Roseman, M. - Pragmatics of Aesthetics, The Performance of Healing among Senoi Temiar, Journal of Social Science and Medicine, 27(7).

Roseman, M. - 1986 Sound in Ceremony: Power and Performance in Temiar Curing Rituals, PhD Dissertation, University of Cornell.

ROSEMAN, M - 1980 Inter-ethnic Interactions of the Orang Asli in Malaysia: From Legendary History to Modern Times. Seminar paper. Asian Studies 601 : Malaysia Seminar


N. Saha, J. W. Mak, J. S. H. Tay, Y. Liu, J. A. M. A. Tan, P. S. Low and M. Singh - 1995 Population genetic study among the Oran Asli (Semai Senoi) of Malaysia: Malayan Aborigines Human Biology 67(1):37-57

Schebesta, P. - 1927 Among the Forest Dwarfs of Malaya, London: Hutchinson

Skeat, W, W. - 1900 Malay Magic. London: Macmillan and Co Ltd. (reprinted 1967 Dover Publications, Inc: New York).

Skeat, W,W. and Blagden, C.O. 1906/1966 Pagan Races of the Malay Peninsula, London: Frank Cass.

Slimming, J. - 1954 Temiar Jungle: A Malayan Journey, London: John Murray.

Spice, M. - 1996 "Land and freedom at issue" The Times Educational Supplement Sept. 6,18-20, (indigenous people, education)

Suzuki, T and Ohtsuka, R. (eds). - 1987 Human Ecology of Health and Survival in Asia and the South Pacific. Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press.


Taha, A.H., - 1974 Satu kajian etnografi mengenai kumpulan Siwong, Pahang, Malaysia. Honours Thesis, University Kebangsaan Malaysia.

Taha, A.H. - 1985 The re-excavation the rock shelter of Gua Cha. Ulu Kelantan, West Malaysia: Federation Museums Journal (new Series) v30.

Tsing, A, L. - 1993 In the Realm of the Diamond Queen. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.


WALKER, A. R. - 1995 "From the Mountains and the Interiors: A Quarter of a Century of Research among Fourth World Peoples in Southeast Asia (with special reference to Northern Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia)" Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 26(2):326-365.

Wee, V. - 1985 Melayu: Hierachies of being in Riau. PhD dissertation, Australian National University.

Wilkinson, R.J. - 1971 Papers on Malay Subjects, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Williams-Hunt, F.D.R - 1952 An Introduction to Malayan Aborigines, Kuala Lumpur: Goverment Press.


ZALEHA MD. ISA, OSMAN ALI & KHALID ABDUL KADIR - 1995 "Knowledge on Goitre: A Comparison between Remote Inland and Coastal Areas" Akademika 47:49-55.